In the past I have studied the difference between expert chess players and novice chess players. Basically, expert chess players organize systems of knowledge that they perceive the placement of the pieces through. They have names for the strategies, placement of pieces, and succession of moves. In the team presentation for this week we chose Sherlock Holmes as our fictional character. I was fascinated to learn that Holmes also used this type of knowledge structure to enhance his perceptual abilities (André & Fernand, 2008). Holmes gathered a large body of general knowledge about things, people, events, and circumstances and then was able to draw specific, situational inferences. It is this ability to draw specific conclusions from general knowledge that made Holmes such an expert crime solver.
I chose Bandura as the theorists for this week’s individual paper. I already covered him on the team chart of theories and we chose him as the subject of one of the team papers. I was really able to dig deep into the theories and ideas of Bandura. I have to admit that I am not a big fan of his ideas about modeling and observational learning. It was his ideas on the link between cognitive abilities/skills and learning that most impacted me. Bandura’s perspective is that it is not differences in motivation or emotions that cause differences between people but rather people’s skills/abilities determine personality (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). So, a person that is introverted might lack social skills or a conscientious person better adhere to social norms as the result of the acquisition of a large set of social skills. In my own life I have seen the result of this idea. I tend towards introversion most of the time. I feel inadequate in social situations, not because of a lack of self-esteem, but because in large part I lack the social skills necessary to interaction with a group of people like I see have seen others do. This doesn’t cause any type of Adlerian inferiority complex, but it does lead to a pattern of introversion.
André, D., & Fernand, G. (2008). Sherlock Holmes -- an expert’s view of expertise. British Journal of Psychology, 99(1), 109-125. doi:10.1348/000712607X224469
Cervone, D. & Pervin, L. A. (2010). Personality: Theory and research (11th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.